It seems that bear attacks get attention in the media. Most attacks are a result of negative human behavior. Bear are usually afraid of people. A person is 67 times more likely to be killed in a dog attack then by a bear. A person should learn some rules for dealing with bears before heading out into nature.
Grizzly and Black bears are the two most common types. Grizzlies are popular in Canada and the northern part of the United States. They are around 6 feet 5 inches. Black bears are common in many states. They are smaller. There are some tips for dealing with both types of bears.
Be noisy when walking.
To make noise clap hands, sing, and speak loudly to keep from surprising the bear. A surprised bear is more likely to attack.
Leave the dog at home. A dog can provoke the bear.
Be sure to have pepper spray that is made for bears. If a person is attack they can use it to stop the bear and have enough time to escape.
Do not feed a bear or go up to it ever.
If a bear is standing up it is trying to get a better smell of the human. Speak firmly to the bear and back away slowly. Do not make eye contact as a bear may see this as a threat.
Do not leave children unattended.
If a bear is spotted pick up the child. Bears are very protective of their cubs. A bear may send the cubs up to the tree and stand guard at the base. At this time walk away. Never, ever come between a mother and her babies.
If a bear is attacking do not run.
The bear will give a chase.
Climbing a tree will not help.
A black bear can out climb a human any day.
When in doubt, play dead.
If attacked by a bear fall on the ground and play dead. Lie flat on your stomach put the hands behind the neck and use the elbows to anchor in the ground to avoid being rolled around. If the bear does decide to roll the person they should roll onto their stomach. Be still and be quiet. A bear will stop attacking if they feel that something is no longer a threat to them. Be sure to stay still until the bear is long gone.
If camping in the outdoor set the camp up in an open area away from tree and tall grass.
When setting up a camp look for signs of beers. This includes half eat food, tracks, droppings, and tree with scratch marks. If any of these signs are around find a new area to set up the camp.
Do not wear heavy scents. Bears are attracted by scents. When outdoors be sure to use fragrance free shampoos and soaps. Citronella and other insect repellents may end up attracting the bear.
Keep all food in bear proof containers and keep them at least 100 yards away from the campsite. Trash and clothing used during cooking also need to be far away. Be sure to wash all utensils and plates immediately.
Be sure to clean up right away. Leaving food around can be dangerous for everyone at the camp site.